Christian historians and theologians, touching upon the attitude of the Church and Christian teaching towards women, emphasize that Christianity was much more progressive and humanistic, than any other then religion, awakening in women awareness human dignity and demanding recognition of it from the whole society. Both in teaching and in organizational structures Christianity little considerable egalitarian potential, which exceed the established norms of cultures on the basis of which it arose. Replacing the initiation rite (circumcision) with baptism allowed women to become full members of Christian communities, giving them the same rights, that and men. The General context of these changes is that in the first centuries of our eras in the Roman Empire there is a gradual change in the self-consciousness of women. This period affected the disintegration of family ties and women's desire to play an independent role in public life, this was reinforced by some social changes (in particular the increase in the number of working women, especially spinners, who made their own living). Rich women having significant means for which built public buildings, sought to play leading role in society. Ambitious aspirations of women of different strata were subjected to a persistent tradition of deprivation of their participation in active public and political life, in secret religious male unions and the like. It is not surprising that the Christian message resonated especially among women.